Transitional justice, the range of mechanisms employed to achieve redress for past human rights violations,
has become a critical component of United Nations (UN) efforts to strengthen the rule of law post-conflict, as well as an integral element of the peace building agenda in countries recovering from conflict.
Given the UN’s growing role in providing technical support and funding to transitional justice processes, establishing guidance for gender-sensitive programming can have a significant impact on women’s access to justice through these mechanisms.
This is consistent with efforts to further the implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) and related resolutions 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009), 1889 (2009) and 1960 (2010) with respect to ensuring women’s involvement in all aspects of post-conflict recovery and peace-building, and providing justice and redress for conflict-related abuses of women’s rights.
In line with the recommendations of the Secretary-General in prosecutions, reparations, truth-seeking, institutional reform, ated and strengthened in the 2011 report “The rule of law and guiding principles of UN engagement in transitional justice policy brief makes practical suggestions to incorporate gender recognizing that justice for women’s conflict-related violations
As defined in the Secretary-General’s report, transitional justice “comprises the full range of processes and mechanisms associated with a society’s attempts to come to terms with a legacy of large-scale past abuses, in order to ensure accountability, serve justice and achieve reconciliation.
Among the activities is the need to “strive to ensure women’s rights,” sends a strong message about equal access to justice and application of the rule of law.
Transitions provide opportunities to further gender justice, in particular through the implementation of a gender-sensitive transitional justice agenda. Transitional justice processes can be leveraged not simply to secure justice for individual human rights violations, but also to address the context of inequality and injustice that gives rise to conflict, transforming the structures of inequality that underpin this violence.
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